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  • 给伢买块巧克力竟吃出颗烂牙 生产商称会赔偿并调查 日期:2018-4-20

    Thetermmiddle-incometrap,firstusedbytheWorldBankin2006,referstoastage-generally,slowergrowth-aneconomyreachesafterbecomingamiddle-incomesociety.Themiddle-incometrap,assuch,reflectstheinadaptabilityoftheindustrialdevelopmentmodel.Globalizationhasallowedacountry'sindustrializationtobeweighedintermsofinternalindustrializationandexternalindustrialization.Andoncethenegativefactorsimpedethedevelopmentofinternalindustrialization,externalindustrialization,moreorless,prevails.Developedcountrieshavealmostalwaysexportedcapitalthroughdirectinvestment,capitaloutflowsorcross-bordercooperationtocheckthedeclineinprofitsbecauseofincreasingdomesticwages.Suchkindofexternalindustrializationhashelpedacceleratemanydevelopingcountries'domesticindustrialization.Still,manyemergingeconomiesremainatthelow-endoftheglobalindustrialvaluechainbecauseahugeamountofsurplusvalueistransferredthroughthecirculationofcommodities,capitalandfinancetothedevelopedeconomies.Thispreventsdevelopingcountries'comparativeincomelevelfromincreasingeveniftheirindustrializationprocessandproductivitycontinuetorise.Besides,developingcountriesareforcedtoparticipateinacompetitionoflow-levelindustrybasedoncomparativeadvantageinlaborcost,whichgraduallyreducesprofits.AccordingtotheWorldBank'sstatistics,only13outofthe101middle-incomeeconomiessince1960havemanagedtoreachthehigh-incomestage.Internationalpracticesshowthekeytoavoidingthemiddle-incometrapistorapidlyincreasethecompetitivenessandaccumulationofaneconomy'sindustrialcapital,inordertoclearthebottleneckspreventingincomesfromrisingandtoacceleratethetransitionfromamiddle-incometoahigh-incomeeconomy.Withouttheaccumulationofsufficientdomesticindustrialcapital,itisdifficultforaneconomytobreakfreefromthecapitalaccumulationsystemdominatedbyinternationalcapital;itcouldevenmarginalizetheeconomyininternationalcompetition.Althoughtherearemanyenterprisesandindustrieswithhugecapacities,evenovercapacity,inChina,theirindustrialcapitalaccumulation,ingeneral,hasnotbeenhighandtheirinternationalcompetitivenessnotstrongenough.Andinrecentyears,excessivefinancializationhasunderminedtheaccumulationofdomesticindustrialcapital.ToincreasethequalityandcompetitivenessofChina'sindustrialcapitalaccumulation,weshouldfirstincreasethequalityfactorsofcapital.Theaccumulationofindustrialcapitalespeciallyproductivecapitalmainlydependsontheaccumulationofmaterial,humanresourcesandtechnologicalfactors.Andqualityfactorssuchashighlyskilledlaborersandadvancedtechnologycanincreaseproducts'addedvalueandimprovetheirpositionintheinternationaldivisionoflabor.Toenhancesuchqualityfactors,weshouldincreaseinvestmentinfieldssuchastechnology,whichhasbecomeanincreasinglyimportantfactordeterminingthecompetitivenessofenterprisesandcountries.Increasinginvestmentintechnology,especiallyintechnologicalinnovation,willpromoteindustrializationandhelpaccumulateproductivecapital.Moreover,thereisneedtoestablishacombinationmechanismforcapitalinthefinancialandindustrialsectors,inordertoprovidestrongfinancialandsocialcapitalsupportfortheaccumulationofproductivecapital.Withtherapiddevelopmentofglobalization,capital'ssupportiveroleintherealeconomyhasreduced.Tosupporttheintegrativedevelopmentofcapitalinthefinancialandothersectors,measureshavetobetakentohelpfinancialandsocialcapitaltoplayagreaterroleintheaccumulationofindustrialcapitalandindustrialupgrading.Measuresneedtobetakenforpromotingtheinternationalizationofcapitalandselectivelyexportingandimportingit.Selectiveexportandimportofcapitalbasedontherequirementsofdomesticdevelopmentcouldpromotetheaccumulationofqualityindustrialcapitalandimprovethepositionofdomesticindustriesintheinternationalindustrialvaluechain,whichwillultimatelyleadtostableandbalancedinternationalcirculation.TheauthorisaneconomicsprofessorofRenminUniversityofChina.

  • 成都三国蜀汉城规划披露!以锦里武侯祠为核心 日期:2018-4-20

    TheworldwantsChinatovisit.Over450exhibitorsfromabout70countriesandregionsjoinedtherecentannualChinaOutboundTravelandTourismMarketexpoinBeijing.Chinaistheworld'slargestoutbound-tourismsource.Morethan122millionChinesetouristsheadedoverseaslastyear.ThishasenticeddestinationstopitchtoChineseandadoptsuchpoliciesaseasyvisas.SerbiabecamethefirstEuropeancountrytooffervisa-freeentrytoChineseinareciprocalagreementfromJan15.Chinesearrivalsthatmonthincreasedbyover100percentcomparedwiththepreviousJanuary.ThecountryparticipatedintherecentBeijingevent.

  • 仲巴县为全力打造“雅江源”文化品牌做足准备 日期:2018-4-19

    Following2015'sToPimpaButterfly,USrapperKendrickLamar'sfifthstudioalbum,Damn.,arrivedonFriday.Thealbumconsistsof14tracks.USsingerRihannacontributestothesongtitledLoyaltywhileUKbandU2appearsonXxx.InarecentinterviewwithTheNewYorkTimes,theGrammy-winningartistdescribesthealbumasareturntohisroots."Myfocusisultimatelygoingbacktomycommunityandtheothercommunitiesaroundtheworldwherethey'redoingthegroundwork."

  • ·评测:诺捷板式餐厅家具 简约实用小户型... 日期:2018-4-18

    ”“天真,你以为只有异性谈恋爱?”“这样以后男生会喜欢男生,女生会喜欢女生的。

  • • 中纪委:一季度处分省部级干部14人 日期:2018-4-17

    该网友表示,对于快递员及营业点负责人的态度,他并不满意,但当他再拨打韵达快递官方投诉电话,不是这个接就是那个接,然并卵!在该网友帖文下附的图片中,京华时报记者看到,人以死三字和无人接听四字分列两行,第三行则是日期4.15,三行字都是用蓝色圆珠笔书写,但肉眼无从判定人以死与其他两行字是否为同一人书写。

  • 科技部就社会上有人冒用科技部名义征集项目发表声明 日期:2018-4-16

    从同比看,3月份70个城市中有24个城市新建商品住宅价格涨幅比2月份回落,比2月份增加4个,回落城市中18个为一、二线城市。

  • 乐视会员账号共享 2017.4.18乐视vip帐号分享 日期:2018-4-15

    国务院领导高度重视,亲自听取汇报,北京市委市政府主要同志亲自调研、亲自开会部署,协调方方面面的部门,沿着改革正确的方向拿出了这样一个方案。

  • 万家文化你是活雷锋吗?为啥不找赵薇要1.5亿分手费 日期:2018-4-14

    GiventhatChineseuniversitiesarenotknowntolinksportstotheircourses,theregulationsofTsinghuaandXi'anJiaotonguniversitiesseemoutofplace.Thisbecomesevenmoreobviouswhenoneconsidersthefactthatthetwoarecentury-oldandprestigiousuniversitieswhoseregulationsandcoursesdrawwidepublicattention.Butacloserlookatthetwouniversities'decisionsshowstheirdecisionsshouldnothavesparkedacontroversy.AnyoneacquaintedwithTsinghuaUniversity'scurriculumsknowsphysicaleducation,likeotherprofessionalcourses,includescompulsoryandselectivecourses,whichstudentshavetopasstobeeligibleforgraduation.Infact,suchregulationsarenormalinanyuniversityorcollegeinChina.Theuniversity'sregulationisreasonableforseveralreasons.First,theTsinghuaUniversitycampushasexcellentswimmingfacilitieswherestudentshaveaccesstobasicaswellashigh-qualityswimmingcourses,andthuscanpracticeorlearnswimming.Second,theuniversity'sregulationdoesnotrequireeverystudenttobeanaceswimmer;itonlyrequiresthestudentstoattainbasicswimmingskills.GiventhatmanyChinesechildrennowlearnswimmingataveryyoungage,itshouldnotbedifficultforthemtofulfilltheuniversity'srequirement.Besides,studentswhodon'tknowhowtoswim,especiallythosefromChina'sdrynorthernregions,canlearnswimmingundertheguidanceofcoachesbeforeorafterattendingtheiracademicclasses.Andstudentswhocannotlearnswimmingforvariousreasonscansignupforothersportsorphysicaleducationcourses.Third,swimmingisacardiovascularexercisethatbuildsmusclestrengthandendurance.AndsinceTsinghuaUniversityhasmodernswimmingfacilities,itisjustifiedinhelpingthestudentstopracticeswimmingandremainphysicallyfit.Xi'anJiaotongUniversity,justlikeTsinghuaUniversity'srequirementsforswimming,doesnotrequireeverystudenttobeahighlyskilledtaichipractitioner.Instead,itonlyrequiresstudentstoknowsomebasictaichiexercisesandkeeppracticingthem.OnereasonthedecisionsofTsinghuaandXi'anJiaotonguniversitieshavecausedacontroversyisthatphysicaleducationhaslongbeenamarginalizedfieldinChina.Eventhoughphysicaleducationisacompulsorycourseinmanyuniversities,authoritiesusuallydon'tattachmuchimportancetoit.That'swhyphysicaleducationteachers,moreoftenthannot,cannotsetstrictteachingrequirements.Thismarginalizationofphysicaleducationhasledtoadeclineinstudents'physicalhealthandtheirreluctancetoplaysport.Inthiscontext,theregulationsofTsinghuaandXi'anJiaotonguniversitieswillhelpstudentstomaintainphysicalfitnesstoacertaindegree.Universitiesshouldbeopentosocialsupervision,buttheyshouldhavetheautonomytomanagetheiraffairs,passregulationsandsettheircurriculumsfreeofoutsideinterventions.TheauthorisaprofessorwithCollegeofLiberalArts,JournalismandCommunication,OceanUniversityofChina.ThisarticlefirstappearedinBeijingNews.

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